YORK


Year 2500 per/Yr. 2700 Per/Yr. 2750 Per/Yr. 2800 Per/Yr. 2900 Per/Yr. 3000 Per/Yr. Per J. Swain
1890 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 800
1891 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1200
1892 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1600
1893 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 2000
1894 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 2400
1895 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 2800
1896 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 3200
1897 9500 1300 ---- ---- ---- ---- 3600
1898 12000 4000 2000 ---- ---- ---- 4000
1899 14500 6700 4750 2800 ---- ---- 4600
1900 17000 9400 7500 5600 1800 ---- 5200
1901 19500 12100 10250 8400 4700 1000 5800
1902 22000 14800 13000 11200 7600 4000 6500
1903 24500 17500 15750 14000 10500 7000 7500
1904 27000 20200 18500 16800 13400 10000 9500
1905 29500 22900 21250 19600 16300 13000 12000
1906 32000 25600 24000 22400 19200 16000 14500
1907 34500 28300 26750 25200 22100 19000 17500
1908 37000 31000 29500 28000 25000 22000 20800
1909 39500 33700 32250 30800 27900 25000 24400
1910 42000 36400 35000 33600 30800 28000 28000
1911 44500 39100 37750 36400 33700 31000 31800
1912 47000 41800 40500 39200 36600 34000 35800
1913 49500 44500 43250 42000 39500 37000 40000
1914 52000 47200 46000 44800 42400 40000 44200
1915 54500 49900 48750 47600 45300 43000 48400
1916 57000 52600 51500 50400 48200 46000 52400
1917 59500 55300 54250 53200 51100 49000 55400
1918 62000 58000 57000 56000 54000 52000 58400
1919 64500 60700 59750 58800 56900 55000 61400
1920 67000 63400 62500 61600 59800 58000 64400
1921 69500 66100 65250 64400 62700 61000 67900
1922 72000 68800 68000 67200 65600 64000 71400
1923 74500 71500 70750 70000 68500 67000 74900
1924 77000 74200 73500 72800 71400 70000 78400
1925 79500 76900 76250 75600 74300 73000 81900
1926 82000 79600 79000 78400 77200 76000 85400
1927 84500 82300 81750 81200 80100 79000 88900
1928 87000 85000 84500 84000 83000 82000 92400
1929 89500 87700 87250 86800 85900 85000 95400
1930 92000 90400 90000 89600 88800 88000 97900
1931 94500 93100 92750 92400 91700 91000 99900
1932 97000 95800 95500 95200 94600 94000 101900
1933 99500 98500 98250 98000 97500 97000 103900
1934 102000 101200 101000 100800 100400 100000 105900
1935 104500 103900 103750 103600 103300 103000 108400
1936 107000 106600 106500 106400 106200 106000 110900
1937 109500 109300 109250 109200 109100 109000 113400
1938 112000 112000 112000 112000 112000 112000 116400
1939 114500 114700 114750 114800 114900 115000 119400
1940 117000 117400 117500 117600 117800 118000 122400
1941 119500 120100 120250 120400 120700 121000 125400
1942 122000 122800 123000 123200 123600 124000 128400
1943 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----
1944 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----
1945 124500 125500 125750 126000 126500 127000 131400
1946 127000 128200 128500 128800 129400 130000 135400
1947 129500 130900 131250 131600 132300 133000 139400
1948 132000 133600 134000 134400 135200 136000 144400
1949 134500 136300 136750 137200 138100 139000 150400
1950 137000 139000 139500 140000 141000 142000 158400
1951 139500 141700 142250 142800 143900 145000 167400
1952 142000 144400 145000 145600 146800 148000 175400
1953 144500 149800 147750 148400 149700 151000 182400

ESTIMATING THE DATE OF MANUFACTURE:

The estimated production curves for the YORK Band Instruments are based on instruments for which serial number and date of manufacture are known. The beginning serial numbers on the above lists were calibrated by counting backwards from known/verified serial number (#112000). In addition, an estimation of monthly-output in the early part of the century, and a correlation of serial numbers with patent dates which appear on certain York instruments, has been taken into account. Six individual yearly production rates are plotted above, and it is projected that the closest estimate of the actual year of manufacture can be estimated by establishing a range of possible dates from these production curves. For example, an instrument with the serial number 28000 could have been made between the years 1904 and 1910, depending on the actual rate of production. It is believed that the yearly production rate of 2750 instruments probably comes the closest to meeting all the criteria used to establish this table, but variations in yearly production are not known, so the range of dates is probably the safest way to "guesstimate" the date of manufacture.

The last column represents a provisional estimate of serial numbers correlated by John J. Swain in 1996. These numbers seem to be consistantly higher than the other 5 columns; I do not know how he arrived at his numbers.

HISTORY

James Warren York was born on November 24, 1839, in Exeter, New Hampshire. He first worked for the Boston Musical Instrument Manufactory and in 1882 moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan where he first played in a music pit. He then owned his instrument manufacturing company until his retirement to California in 1917. He died in Los Angeles on February 9, 1927.

York manufactured a full line of brass instruments, both under its own name and proprietary brand names. York briefly participated in two partnerships, Smith & York (1883) and York & Holton (1885). In 1884 the company was known as J.W. York and Company. In recognition of his infant son Charles E. York, he renamed the company York & Son in 1887. York further changed the company's name to York & Sons in 1898 to include his other son, Frank W. York. Both sons were active with the company until about 1913.

In 1897, Alfred J. "Bill" Johnson became the company's foreman. In 1913, Johnson, along with John and James Duffy, formed a stockholding company, and when the York family relinquished all interest in the company in 1926, Johnson became a co-owner. The company was then known as the York Band Instrument Company. In December 1940, York was sold to Carl Fischer Musical Instruments and Johnson left the company. During World War II the company manufactured munitions. After the war, York produced student-line instruments. In 1971, Tolchin Instrument Company who then owned York, closed the factory. Proprietary rights were ultimately purchased in 1976 by Boosey & Hawkes.

If you note any discrepancies, or have additional information concerning this company, we would appreciate it VERY much if you would pass it on to The Music Trader. Thank you!



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